Research Guides

Writing a Book Review or Article Critique

An analytic or critical review of a book or article is not a summary; rather, comments on and evaluates the work (e.g. book or article) in the light of specific issues and theoretical concerns.  [Sample book review search "screen-cast"]

Questions to keep in mind as you read the book/article and as you prepare your review:

  1. What is the specific topic of the book or article? What overall purpose does it seem to have? Who is it written for (who is the audience or readership)? [The preface, acknowledgements, bibliography and index can help answer these questions. Do not overlook facts about the author's background and the circumstances of the book's creation and publication.]
  2. Does the author state an explicit thesis? Does he/she demonstrate a bias (does he/she have an axe to grind)? What are the theoretical assumptions? Are they discussed explicitly? [Again, look for statements in the preface, etc. and follow them up in the rest of the work.]
  3. What exactly does the work contribute to the overall topic of your course? What general problems and concepts in your discipline and course does it engage with?
  4. What kinds of material does the work present (e.g. primary documents or secondary material, literary analysis, personal observation, quantitative data, biographical or historical accounts)?
  5. How is this material used to demonstrate and argue the thesis? [As well as indicating the overall structure of the work, your review could quote or summarize specific passages to show the characteristics of the author's presentation, including writing style and tone.]
  6. Are there alternative ways of arguing from the same material? Does the author show awareness of them? In what respects does the author agree or disagree?
  7. What theoretical issues and topics for further discussion does the work raise?
  8. What are your own reactions and considered opinions regarding the work?

Browse published reviews (about this book/article) from scholarly sources to get a sense of the ways reviews function in intellectual discourse. Look at journals in your discipline such as Christian Scholar’s Review, Expository Times, or Journal of Biblical Literature, etc., or a general publication such as Quill & Quire, or The New York Review.

Some reviews summarize the book's content and then evaluate it while other reviews integrate these functions, commenting on the book and using summary only to give examples. Choose the method that seems most suitable according to your professor's directions.

To keep your focus, remind yourself that your assignment is primarily to discuss the book's treatment of its topic, not the topic itself. Your key sentences should therefore say "This book shows...the author argues" rather than "This happened...this is the case."

Written by Dr. Margaret Procter, Coordinator, Writing Support, University of Toronto; edited (with permission) for John Richard Allison Library. Copyright 2004.

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